Category Archives: Vol. 09 No. 2 Februari 2013

SALURAN DAN MARJIN PEMASARAN JAGUNG DI KABUPATEN GROBOGAN

NUR WIDIASTUTI1, MOHD. HARISUDIN2
1Dinas Pertanian Tanaman Pangan dan Hortikultura Kabupaten Grobogan
2Staf Pengajar Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret

ABSTRACT

Corn farmers are often faced difficult situation because they do not have enough information about the market of cultivated commodities. Corn as a major commodity in the Grobogan Regency provides welfare for corn farmers. This study aims to determine the pattern of corn marketing channels that formed in the Grobogan Regency, as well as the share of the farmer (farmer’s share) and marketing margin of corn commodity in each channel. The basic method used is descriptive research. The research area is taken intentionally (purposive) that Grobogan regency and subdistrict and village samples selected purposively. The method of determining the number of sample farmers in each sub-district is quota technique, while in the village level is proportional random sampling. Primary and secondary data in this research are taken by interview techniques, recording and observation. The results show that there are nine corn marketing channels in Grobogan Regency, namely Channel I: Farmers – District Trader – Fodder Enterprise, Channels II: Farmers – District Trader – Outer area Consumers, Channel III: Farmers – Village Traders -District Trader – Fodder Enterprise, Channel IV; Farmers – District Trader – Wholesalers – Fodder Enterprise, Channel V: Farmer – Village Traders – District Trader – Wholesalers – Fodder Enterprise, Channels VI: Farmers – Village Traders – Wholesalers – Fodder Enterprise, Channels VII: Farmers – Village Traders – District Trader -Outer area Consumers, Channels VIII: Farmers – Village Traders – District Trader – Wholesalers -Outer area Consumers , Channel IX: Farmer – Wholesalers – Fodder Enterprise. Among the nine channel marketing, the highest farmer’s share is the marketing channel I. Furthermore, marketing channel I has the lowest marketing margin. Thus, the corn farmer in Grobogan Regency who want to maximize their income can choose the marketing channel I.

Keywords: Corn, Marketing Channels, Margin, Farmer’s Share

Download: Saluran dan Marjin Pemasaran Jagung